Monday, 22 February 2010

Football: Brief History of the World Cup


The history of the World Cup between 1930 and 2014 is summarized in the key facts and figures below.

World Cup Winners, Finalists, and Hosts

The World Cup tournament has been held 20 times, starting in 1930. No tournaments were held during the Second World War.

1930
Winners: Uruguay. Finalists: Argentina. Hosts: Uruguay.

1934
Winners: Italy. Finalists: Czechoslovakia. Hosts: Italy.

1938
Winners: Italy. Finalists: Hungary. Hosts: France.

1950
Winners: Uruguay. Finalists: Brazil*: Hosts: Brazil
*Note: There was no Final game in 1950. The group game between Uruguay and Brazil determined the winner, and was effectively the "Final".

1954
Winners: West Germany. Finalists: Hungary. Hosts: Switzerland.

1958
Winners: Brazil. Finalists: Sweden. Hosts: Sweden.

1962
Winners: Brazil. Finalists: Czechoslovakia. Hosts: Chile

1966
Winners: England. Finalists: West Germany. Hosts: England.

1970
Winners: Brazil. Finalists: Italy. Hosts: Mexico.

1974
Winners: West Germany. Finalists: Holland. Hosts: West Germany.

1978
Winners: Argentina. Finalists: Holland. Hosts: Argentina.

1982
Winners: Italy. Finalists: West Germany. Hosts: Spain.

1986
Winners: Argentina. Finalists: West Germany. Hosts: Mexico.

1990
Winners: Germany. Finalists: Argentina. Hosts: Italy.

1994
Winners: Brazil. Finalists: Italy. Hosts: USA.

1998
Winners: France. Finalists: Brazil. Hosts: France.

2002
Winners: Brazil. Finalists: Germany. Hosts: Japan and South Korea

2006
Winners: Italy. Finalists: France. Hosts: Germany.

2010
Winners: Spain. Finalists: Holland. Hosts: South Africa

2014
Winners: Germany. Finalists: Argentina. Hosts: Brazil.


Winners

Eight different countries have won the World Cup:

Brazil: 5 World Cups. 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 2002
Italy: 4 World Cups. 1934, 1938, 1982, 2006
Germany / West Germany: 4 World Cups: 1954, 1974, 1990, 2014
Uruguay: 2 World Cups: 1930, 1950
Argentina: 2 World Cups: 1978, 1986
England: 1 World Cup: 1966
France: 1 World Cup: 1998
Spain: 1 World Cup: 2010


Finalists

Eleven countries have made it to at least one World Cup final game. Dates in italics represent victories:

Germany / West Germany: 8 Finals: 1954, 1966, 1974, 1982, 1986, 1990, 2002, 2014
Brazil: 7 Finals. 1950*, 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, 1998, 2002
Italy: 6 Finals. 1934, 1938, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006
Argentina: 5 Finals: 1930, 1978, 1986, 1990, 2014
Holland: 3 Finals: 1974, 1978, 2010
Uruguay: 2 Finals: 1930, 1950*
France: 2 Finals: 1998, 2006
Czechoslovakia: 2 Finals: 1934, 1962
Hungary: 2 Finals: 1938, 1954
England: 1 Final: 1966
Sweden: 1 Final: 1958
Spain: 1 Final: 2010

*Note: There was no Final game in 1950. The group game between Uruguay and Brazil determined the winner, and was effectively the "Final".


Tournament Appearances

Only Brazil have appeared in all 20 editions of the World Cup tournament. The following countries have appeared in 10 or more tournaments:

Brazil: 20
Germany / West Germany: 18
Italy: 18
Argentina: 16
Mexico: 15
England: 14
France: 14
Spain: 14
Belgium: 12
Uruguay: 12
Serbia / Yugoslavia: 11
Sweden: 11
Holland: 10
Russia / USSR: 10
Switzerland: 10
USA: 10


Player Records

Most Tournaments Played:
5: Antonio Carbajal (Mexico, 1950 - 1966); Lothar Matthaus (West Germany / Germany, 1982 - 1998); and Gianluigi Buffon (Italy, 1998 - 2014).

Most World Cups Won:
3: Pele (Brazil, 1958, 1962, 1970)

Most Matches Played:
25: Lothar Matthaus (West Germany / Germany)

Most Goals Scored, All-Time:
16: Miroslav Klose (Germany)
15: Ronaldo (Brazil)
14: Gerd Muller (West Germany)
13: Just Fontaine (France)
12: Pele (Brazil)
11: Jurgen Klinsmann (Germany / West Germany)
11: Sandor Kocsis (Hungary)
10: Thomas Muller (Germany)
10: Gabriel Batistuta (Argentina)
10: Teofilo Cubillas (Peru)
10: Grzegorz Lato (Poland)
10: Gary Lineker (England)
10: Helmut Rahn (West Germany)

Most Goals Scored in One Tournament:
13: Just Fontaine (France, 1958)
11: Sandor Kocsis (Hungary, 1954)
10: Gerd Muller (West Germany, 1970)
9: Eusebio (Portugal, 1966)
8: Ademir (Brazil, 1950)
8: Ronaldo (Brazil, 2002)
8: Guillermo Stabile (Argentine, 1930)

Most Goals Scored in One Match:
5: Oleg Salenko (For Russia vs. Cameroon, 1994)


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